When refrigeration systems are exposed to low-ambient conditions, the condensing pressure (head pressure) will fall. If the head pressure gets too low, the metering device will not have enough pressure drop across it to operate properly.
Many service technicians experience service calls where the compressor has both a low head pressure and a high suction pressure. Often, the refrigeration equipment is still running, but the product temperature is suffering about 7-10°F.
It is the system check sheet that will tell the service technician whether a system is overcharged or not. Service technicians must install pressure gauges and thermistors — or some other sort of temperature-sensing devices — in order to systematically troubleshoot a refrigeration system correctly.
Clear, concise, and accurate communication between service technicians, parts suppliers, customers, and the home shop is rapidly gaining importance as the HVACR field transitions and becomes more technically oriented.
Compressor overheating is usually caused from high compression ratios. High compression ratios can be caused from a combination of high condensing pressures (temperatures) and low suction (evaporating) pressures.