What Do You Know About Forklift Safety?
October 11, 2005
A 34-year-old man was killed when the forklift he was on tipped over and crushed him, according to the Polk County Sheriff's Office. The man steered the forklift toward the left and it tipped over. The man fell to the ground and the forklift fell on top of him, killing him instantly.
What should you do if you're driving a forklift and it starts to tip over? Is it safer to stay in the vehicle, or jump out quickly? If you said, "Jump out," you'd be dead wrong - a driver who did that would be putting his or her life in jeopardy. The safest way to survive a tip-over is to stay in the vehicle, seat belt always fastened, with a tight grip on the steering wheel and feet braced against the floor, leaning forward and away from the direction of the tip-over.
Because forklifts are everyday equipment in warehouses, factories, and other businesses nationwide, many people may not realize they can be potentially dangerous.
"Driving a forklift requires special skills and knowledge," said Benjamin Mangan, president and founder of Mancomm, Davenport, Iowa. Mancomm develops and provides Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) compliance safety products and training for general industry and construction.
"It scares me how little training some forklift operators receive," he said. "It's every company's responsibility to make sure their forklift operators are properly trained and certified before they ever get to run a forklift in the workplace."
The following accident examples from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health reveal the three most common types of forklift injury: forklift overturns; workers struck, crushed, or pinned by a forklift; and falls from a forklift.
Worker Struck by Forklift: A punch press operator at a computer components manufacturer was fatally injured while performing her usual duties. A forklift was traveling in reverse at high speed toward her workstation. A witness observed the forklift strike a metal scrap bin, propelling it toward the punch press station. The bin hit the press and rebounded toward the forklift. There it was hit once again and shoved back against the corner of the press, striking and crushing the punch press operator.
Fall from Forklift: An electric-line technician was fatally injured after falling from and being run over by a forklift. While the operator was driving the forklift, the technician was riding on the forks. As the operator approached an intersection, he slowed down and turned his head to check for oncoming traffic. When he looked to the front again, he could not see the technician. He stopped the forklift, dismounted, and found the technician under the right side of the forklift.
Sidebar: Free Forklift Video Training System AvailableDAVENPORT, Iowa - The president of ManComm, provider of train-the-trainer safety products, wants to give safety professionals nationwide a valuable reward to encourage them to join his company's Safety Product Development Committee. Company president Ben Mangan said he plans to give free forklift video training systems to 100 companies across the country.
"Safety is ManComm's business, and we welcome the input of our country's safety professionals," commented Mangan.
"We have many exciting safety products in development, and we'd like to hear what others would have to say about them.
"We want to offer safety professionals our complete forklift video training system, valued at $395, absolutely free - for the privilege of receiving their suggestions and comments on future products."
According to Mangan, applicants for the committee will be considered on a first-come, first-served basis.
"Those accepted for the committee will be on the inside track with ManComm developments, learning about our new products well before their release."
To qualify for a free forklift video training program, a person must be an experienced safety professional.
For more information, contact Mark McLaughlin, Director of Communications at ManComm, at 563-499-9046 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sidebar: A Forklift Safety Awareness QuizHow familiar are you with forklifts and their safe operation? Take this quiz and find out. These questions are taken from the ManComm forklift video series trainer's instruction manual. The correct answers are at the end of this sidebar.
1. It is very easy to tip over on ramps and sloped surfaces whether the forklift is loaded or unloaded. True or False?
2. When driving on ramps with a grade of 10 percent or more with a loaded forklift, you must always keep the load uphill, even if it means driving in reverse down the ramp. True or False?
3. Because a forklift weighs more, it is much easier to brake to a stop than an automobile. True or False?
4. A forklift driver must always look ...
a. In the mirrors.
b. Around his/her load.
c. In the direction of travel.
5. What should you do when you approach an intersection?
a. Slow down and sound the horn.
b. Check for hazards by leaning out of the cab.
c. Turn slowly and smoothly.
d. Get through as quickly as possible.
6. To lift people using a forklift, the operator must ...
a. Lift people with bare forks.
b. Use a pallet to provide a platform.
c. Move a truck near a wall for fall protection.
d. None of the above.
7. When forward visibility is obstructed or blocked ...
a. Look around the load.
b. Proceed forward slowly and with due caution.
c. Drive in reverse.
d. None of the above.
8. Never enter a trailer or railroad car unless ...
a. The watchman is present.
b. The forklift's fuel tank and battery are fully charged.
c. The trailer or railcar is locked in place with wheel chocks.
d. There is a spotter inside the trailer or railroad car.
9. A forklift operator's first concern should be ...
a. Increasing the speed of loading and unloading.
b. Making sure the vehicle is in safe working condition.
c. Checking shift changes for the load/unload schedule.
d. Stabilizing the forks on all trucks used in a shift.
10. Which of the following is a warning sign that the forklift may need to be taken out of service and repaired?
a. Leaks from the fuel system.
b. A brake pedal that feels spongy.
c. Exhaust fumes that make you feel sick.
d. All of the above.
How many wrong answers are permissible? In the workplace: zero. Whenever forklift drivers perform their duties incorrectly, such incidents open the door to accidents, injuries, or death, which in turn can lead to workers' compensation expenses, lost productivity, raised insurance premiums, lowered employee morale, and penalties from OSHA.
"When every forklift operator at your company has passed a training and certification program that observes OSHA regulations," said Mangan, "you've taken a major step toward fostering a safer workplace."
Since 2001, ManComm has been committed to helping businesses protect their workers by providing them with state-of-the-art safety products and training. For more information, visit www.mancomm.com.
Answers To Quiz:
(1) true (2) true (3) false (4) c (5) a (6) d (7) c (8) c (9) b (10) d.
Publication date: 11/21/2005