A variance is a regulatory action that permits an employer to deviate from the requirements of an OSHA standard under specified conditions.
Employers can request a variance for many reasons, including not being able to fully comply on time with a new safety or health standard because of a shortage of personnel, materials, or equipment. Employers may prefer to use methods, equipment, or facilities that they believe protect workers as well as, or better than, OSHA standards. OSHA may grant a variance to employers when they can prove that their proposed methods, conditions, practices, operations, or processes provide workplaces that are at least as safe and healthful as the workplaces provided by the OSHA standards from which they are seeking the variance.
Previously, only approved variance cases were available on the webpage. The newly available information about denied applications illustrates which requirements businesses have failed to meet when applying for a variance. OSHA’s variances webpage also provides background on variance rules, information about types of variances available, and instructions on how to apply for a variance.
For more information, visit the OSHA variances webpage at www.osha.gov/dts/otpca/variances/index.html.
Publication date: 11/12/2012