Refrigerant 410A Takes To The Ice

R-410A was selected as the refrigerant for this ice rink in Breda, the Netherlands.
R-410A has been called the air conditioning refrigerant of the future and the long-term HFC replacement for R-22. But 410A is also turning up in refrigeration applications. One example is an ice rink in the Netherlands.

Refrigerant gas supplier Dehon Service Nederland, cooling installation contractor GTI Post Koudetechniek, and refrigerant producer Honeywell Fluorine Products teamed up to build a high-performance, energy-efficient, environmentally friendly, safe cooling installation for a 400-meter speed-skating track and hockey rink in Breda.

GTI Post contacted Dehon to find the best refrigerant for the semi-covered ice stadium. GTI specializes in cooling installations and has wide experience in delivering custom-made equipment for warehouses, product lines, and ice rinks.

Together with Honeywell, Dehon Group (a Honeywell distributor) identified R-410A as the optimal refrigerant for this large-scale application.

The temperature requirements for an ice rink are extraordinary. They must meet the demands of a large surface area and of changing weather conditions (both temperature and humidity), since the stadium is semi-covered and has many uses. The rink is open from October until April, with varied numbers of users at any one time.


The cooling installation was built according to GTI specifications using York compressors with a total capacity of 1,700 kW. A solution of calcium chloride (brine) is cooled in a heat exchange system containing the 410A. The brine is pumped through 90 km of plastic tubing, which was set into the concrete floor when it was poured.

To optimize the temperature control, the track is divided into four sections. A separate hockey rink comprises the fifth section. The cold fluid enters the track at four access points. The flow through these sections can be adjusted to obtain the best quality ice possible.

The cooling system’s generated heat is recuperated and re-employed to heat, for example, offices on site and the water for the Zamboni machines that resurface the ice.

Beside the thermal properties, energy efficiency, and environmental impact, public safety played a role in choice of 410A, according to officials. The refrigerant is a near-azeotropic mixture of 50% R-125 and 50% R-32. Those two HFCs have zero ozone-depletion potential. Moreover, the higher capacity of 410A is said to bring greater energy efficiency. The refrigerant is also nontoxic and nonflammable.

Honeywell officials said that these benefits of 410A — plus its use in both a/c and refrigeration — have helped increase interest in the refrigerant. To meet the demand for 410A in particular and HFCs in general, Honeywell is in the process of doubling the production capacity of its fluorocarbon production facility in Geismar, LA. The plant is expected to come on-line in mid-year 2002.

Meanwhile in the Netherlands, there is yet another rink to produce another wave of Olympic-caliber speed skaters.

Publication date: 04/01/2002

Did you enjoy this article? Click here to subscribe to The NEWS Magazine

Recent Articles by Peter Powell

You must login or register in order to post a comment.



Image Galleries

2015 HARDI Fly-In

Highlights from HARDI's Congressional Fly-In in Washington, D.C.


NEWSMakers: Clint Schreck

Clint Schreck, general manager, Columbus Worthington Air, Columbus, Ohio, discusses winning Angie’s List Super Service Award, how to handle online reviews, and much more.

More Podcasts


NEWS 05-25-15 cover

2015 May 25

Check out the weekly edition of The NEWS today!

Table Of Contents Subscribe


The EPA has approved several hydrocarbon (HC) refrigerants for HVACR applications. Do you support the use of HCs?
View Results Poll Archive


2015 National Plumbing & HVAC Estimator

Every plumbing and HVAC estimator can use the cost estimates in this practical manual!

More Products

Clear Seas Research


Clear Seas ResearchWith access to over one million professionals and more than 60 industry-specific publications, Clear Seas Research offers relevant insights from those who know your industry best. Let us customize a market research solution that exceeds your marketing goals.


Magazine image
Register today for complete access to Get full access to the latest features, Extra Edition, and more.


facebook icontwitter iconyoutube iconLinkedIn i con